SALFORD DIOCESE OFFICE FOR LITURGY

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THE ROMAN MARTYROLOGY

The following is an extract of English Saints included in the Roman Martyrology (Second Edition 2004). These may be celebrated liturgically when not impeded by another celebration.


JANUARY

4 January

Blessed Thomas Plumtree, martyr (1572)

A Lincolnshire man, born in 1546; arrested after the Northern Rising in 1572, he was executed and buried in the market place in Durham.


5 January

Saint Edward the Confessor (1066)

Born in 1003, he was a pious youth who was given the throne of England in 1042, whereupon he devoted himself to care and well-being of the people and the restoration of St Peter’s Abbey in Westminster.


8 January

Blessed Edward Waterson, martyr (1574)

Born at London; ordained priest at Rheims and returned to the north-east. Captured at midsummer, 1593, he was cruelly treated in prison till his execution at Newcastle-upon-Tyne in 1574.


9 January

Saint Adrian of Canterbury, abbot (710)

An African by birth, died 710. Sent by Pope Vitalian to assist Theodore who became Archbishop of Canterbury. Adrian became abbot of the Abbey of Saint Peter in Canterbury, and encouraged prayer and learning, founding many schools in England.


11 January

Blessed William Carter, martyr (1584)

Born in London, 1548. Arrested in 1580 for printing Catholic literature, he was tortured, tried and executed at Tyburn in 1584.


12 January

Saint Benedict Biscop, abbot (690)

Born into a noble Anglo-Saxon family, he was instrumental in introducing Roman liturgical practices to England, including the introduction of Roman chant in the monasteries of the North East. He died in 690.


Saint Aelred of Rievaulx, abbot (1167)

Born in 1110, Aelred died at Rievaulx (Yorkshire) on this day in 1167. The son of a priest, he was educated at Durham and in the household of King David of Scotland. In 1134 he visited the newly founded Cistercian abbey of Rievaulx, and was so attracted to it that he chose to become a monk there, and was eventually elected abbot. He is remembered for his gift of friendship, for his sensitive and gentle rule, and for his enduringly popular spiritual writings, especially that on friendship.


20 January

Saint Wulfstan, bishop (1095)

Wulfstan or Wulstan was born in Warwickshire about 1008, and died in 1095. He became a Benedictine monk of the cathedral priory of Worcester, but in 1062 was appointed bishop, and was one of the few Anglo-Saxons in high office to survive the Norman Conquest. He was renowned as a confessor, and his care for the poor and sick and for the high standards he demanded of his clergy.


21 January

Saint Alban Roe, OSB, priest and martyr (1642)

Born in Suffolk in 1583, after his conversion to Catholicism, he became a Benedictine and was ordained; he was arrested several times during his ministry, and exiled and imprisoned for seventeen years. He was executed at Tyburn in 1642


Blessed Edward Stransham, priest and martyr (1586)

A native of Oxford, ordained in 1580. Was arresting while saying Mass in London in 1585 and executed at Tyburn in 1586.


Blessed Nicholas Wheeler (or Woodfen), priest and martyr (1586)

Born at Leominster in 1550, he studied for the priesthood in Rheims, after ordination he returned to England with Edward Stransham, and was executed with him at Tyburn in 1586.


Blessed Thomas Green (Reynolds), priest and martyr (1642)

Born under the name Green, he trained at Rheims, Valladolid and Seville; exiled from England once, he returned and spent fourteen years imprisoned until his execution at Tyburn in 1642 at the age of 80.


22 January

Blessed William Patenson, priest and martyr (1592)

A Yorkshireman, who trained at Reims and worked only two years on the Mission, before his arrest in London in 1591. He was executed at Tyburn in 1592.


24 January

Blessed William Ireland, SJ, priest and martyr (1679)

The first victim of the Titus Oates plot: he was responsible for the finances of the English Jesuits, but was arrested in London when Oates began concocting his false accusations against Catholics in general, and Jesuits in particular. Despite the obvious false testimony at his trial, Fr Ireland was condemned and executed at Tyburn in 1679.


Blessed John Grove, martyr (1679)

A lay Jesuit brother, assistant to Fr William Ireland, arrested with him and executed in the first wave of anti-Catholic hostility after the fabrications of Titus Oates. He died at Tyburn with Fr Ireland in 1679.


FEBRUARY


1 February

Saint Henry Morse, SJ, priest and martyr (1645)

Henry ministered to plague victims in London in 1636 - contracting the plague himself; after a period of work in Ghent and Antwerp, he returned to England when Catholic persecution was renewed, and was arrested in Cumberland; he was martyred in London in 1645.


2 February

Saint Lawrence of Canterbury, bishop (619)

One of the band of monks who accompanied Saint Augustine from Rome to Canterbury, and who became Archbishop immediately after Augustine. It was he who succeeded in converting King Aedbald to the faith.


3 February

Saint Werburgh, abbess

Abbess of Ely, relative of kings, reformer of the Church and founder of houses throughout Mercia, buried in Chester of which city she is patroness.


Blessed John Nelson, SJ, priest and martyr (1578)

One of the Yorkshire martyrs, after studying at Douay and a short time on the Mission, he was arrested in December 1577, and After torture and trial was executed at Tyburn in 1578.


4 February

Saint Gilbert of Sempringham, priest

Founder of the Gilbertine order (under Pope Eugenius III), combining the monastic rules of Saint Benedict and Saint Augustine


Blessed John Speed, martyr (1594)

A layman executed at Durham, after being arrested for assisting Saint John Boste, being his companion as he journeyed from house to house celebrating the sacraments.


7 February

Blessed Thomas Sherwood, martyr (1578)

Arrested while taking leave of his sick father in London, while travelling to Douai to begin studies for the priesthood; subjected to dreadful tortures, and executed at Tyburn in 1578.


12 February

Blessed Thomas Hemmerford, priest and martyr (1584)

Born in Dorset and studied in Rome, ordained in 1583. Martyred at Tyburn in 1584.


Blessed James Fenn, priest and martyr (1584)

fter the death of his wife, James entered the priesthood, being ordained at Rheims, returning to the Mission in 1580: he spent two years in gaol before his execution at Tyburn in 1584.


Blessed John Nutter, priest and martyr (1584)

Born in Burnley, Lancashire and studied in Rheims, ordained in 1581. He was arrested as his ship foundered at Dunwich and martyred at Tyburn in 1584.


Blessed John Murden, priest and martyr (1584)

Born in Dorset and studied in Reims and Rome, ordained in 1582.


Blessed George Haydock, priest and martyr (1584)


15 February

Saint Sigfrid, bishop

Originally from England, evangelized in Sweden


17 February

Saint Finan, bishop and abbot (661)

The second bishop of Lindisfarne, who founded churches and monasteries in the North East, including the great abbey of Whitby.


18 February

Blessed William Harrington, priest and martyr (York, London, Elizabeth I)


Blessed John Pibush, priest and martyr (Southwark, Elizabeth I)


21 February

Saint Robert Southwell, SJ, priest and martyr


Blessed Thomas Pormort, priest and martyr (Saint Paul’s, London, Elizabeth I)


23 February

Saint Milburga, virgin and abbess (715)

A member of the Mercian royal family who became abbess of Wenlock Abbey in Shropshire. She died in 715.


24 February

Saint Ethelbert, king

The first English ruler to welcome the faith, after receiving Saint Augustine on his mission from Rome.


26 February

Blessed Robert Drury, priest and martyr (Tyburn, James I)


27 February

Saint Anne Line, martyr (1601)

Anne Heigham was born at Dunmow (Essex) around 1565, and was hanged at Tyburn on 27 February 1601. In her teens she became a Catholic and was disinherited, and in 1585 married Roger Line, also a disinherited convert, who was subsequently imprisoned and exiled for his faith, leaving her destitute. She taught and embroidered, and also kept house for priests. After a large number of people had been seen gathering at her house for Mass, she was arrested, tried and condemned to death.


Blessed Mark Barkworth, OSB, priest and martyr


Blessed Roger Filcock, SJ, priest and martyr


Blessed William Richardson, priest and martyr (Tyburn, Elizabeth I)


28 February

Saint Oswald, bishop (except Leap Years)


29 February

Saint Oswald, bishop (Leap Years)


MARCH

2 March

Saint Chad, bishop


4 March

Blessed Christopher Bales, priest and martyr


Blessed Alexander Blake, martyr


Blessed Nicholas Horner, martyr (London, Elizabeth I)


7 March

Blessed John Larke, priest and martyr


Blessed John Ireland, priest and martyr


Blessed Germaine Gardner, martyr (Tyburn, Henry VIII)


8 March

Saint Felix of Burgundy, bishop

Travelled from Burgundy, evangelised in England in the kingdom of Sigebert, died at Dunwich in 687.


11 March

Blessed Thomas Atkinson, priest and martyr (York, James I)


12 March

Saint Elphege, bishop

Born in 953 near Bath, became bishop of Winchester.


13 March

Blessed Agnellus of Pisa, priest (1236)

Received into the Franciscan order by Saint Francis of Assisi himself, Agnellus was sent to found the order in England which he did at Oxford, his foundation having a significant impact on the growth of the University there. He died at Oxford in 1236.


15 March

Blessed William Hart, priest and martyr (York, Elizabeth I)


16 March

Blessed John Amias, priest and martyr


Blessed Robert Dalby, priest and martyr (York, Elizabeth I)


18 March

Saint Edward, king and martyr (Wareham)


Blessed John Thules, priest and martyr (Lancaster, James I)


Blessed Roger Wrenno, priest and martyr


20 March

Saint Cuthbert, bishop


21 March

Blessed Thomas Pilchard, priest and martyr (Dorchester, Elizabeth I)


Blessed William Pike, martyr


Blessed Matthew Flathers, priest and martyr (York, James I)


22 March

Saint Nicholas Owen, SJ, religious and martyr (London, James I)


23 March

Blessed Edmund Sykes, priest and martyr (York, Elizabeth I)


25 March

Saint Margaret Clitherow, martyr (York, Elizabeth I)


Blessed James Bird, martyr (Winchester, Elizabeth I)


28 March

Blessed Christopher Wharton, priest and martyr (York, Elizabeth I)


29 March

Blessed John Hambley, priest and martyr (Salisbury, Elizabeth I)


30 March

Saint Osburg, abbess (1018)


31 March

Blessed Christopher Robinson, priest and martyr (Carlisle, Elizabeth I)


APRIL


1 April

Blessed John Bretton, martyr (York, Elizabeth I)


2 April

Saint John Paine, priest and martyr (Chelmsford, Elizabeth I)


3 April

Saint Richard of Chichester, bishop


Blessed Robert Middleton, SJ, priest and martyr


Blessed Thurstan Hunt, SJ, priest and martyr (Lancaster, Elizabeth I)


7 April

Saint Henry Walpole, SJ, priest and martyr (York, Elizabeth I)


Blessed Alexander Rawlins, priest and martyr


Blessed Edward Oldcorne, priest and martyr (Worcester, James I)


Blessed Ralph Ashley, SJ, religious and martyr


11 April

Blessed George Gervase, OSB, priest and martyr (London, James I)


13 April

Blessed Francis Dickenson (Rochester, Elizabeth I)


Blessed Milo Gerard, priest and martyr


Blessed John Lockwood, priest and martyr (York, Charles I)


Blessed Edward Catterick, priest and martyr


17 April

Blessed Henry Heath, OFM, priest and martyr (Tyburn, London, Charles I)


19 April

Saint Aelphege, bishop and martyr

Killed on the banks of the Thames at Greenwich by the Danes; as Archbishop of Canterbury he had successfully concluded a peace treaty with the Danish aggressors.


19 April

Blessed James Duckett, martyr (Tyburn, Elizabeth I)


20 April

Blessed James Bell, martyr (Lancaster, Elizabeth I)


Blessed John Finch, martyr


Blessed Richard Sergeant, priest and martyr (Tyburn, London, Elizabeth I)


Blessed William Thomson, priest and martyr


Blessed Anthony Page, priest and martyr (York, )


Blessed Francis Page SJ, priest and martyr (London, Elizabeth I)


Blessed Robert Watkinson, priest and martyr


23 April

Saint George, martyr

George was martyred at Lydda (Israel) around 303, in the persecution of the Emperor Diocletian. His cult, which predates the legend of his slaying the dragon, spread quickly through East and West. During the crusades, George was seen to personify the ideals of Christian chivalry, and he was adopted as patron saint of several city-states and countries. King Richard I of England placed his crusading army under his protection, and in 1222 his feast was proclaimed a national holiday.


24 April

Saint Melitus of Canterbury, bishop


Saint Wilfrid, bishop (York)


25 April

Blessed Robert Anderton, priest and martyr (Isle of Wight, Elizabeth I)


Blessed William Marsden, priest and martyr


30 April

Saint Erconwald, bishop (Barking)


Blessed William Southerne, priest and martyr (Newcastle, James I


MAY


4 May

Saint John Houghton, priest and martyr (1535)


Saint Robert Lawrence, priest and martyr (1535)


Saint Augustine Webster, priest and martyr, (1535)


Saint Richard Reynolds, priest and martyr, of the Order of Saint Briget (1535)


Blessed John Haile, priest and martyr,(1535)

Carthusian Priors of London, Beauvale and Axholme, parish priest of Isleworth: Martyred at Tyburn under King Henry VIII in 1535. As they were led to execution,Thomas More, who had been in prison for a year already, was looking on with his daughter from his cell window. "Look, Meg," he said, "these blessed Fathers be now as cheerfully going to their deaths as bridegrooms to their marriage!"


6 May

Saint Eadbert, bishop (698)

Successor of Saint Cuthbert at Lindisfarne, renowned for knowledge of the Scriptures and generous almsgiving. Died in 698.


Saint John of Beverley, bishop (721)

First bishop of Hexham, then York, a great restorer of monastic life, who died in 721.


Blessed Edward Jones, priest and martyr (1590)


Blessed Anthony Middleton, priest and martyr (1590)


9 May

Blessed Thomas Pickering OSB, martyr (1679)

A simple and innocent monk, executed at Tyburn in 1679, a victim of the persecution instigated by Titus Oates.


11 May

Blessed John Rochester, priest and martyr (1537)


Blessed James Walworth, priest and martyr (1537)

Carthusians executed at York during the reign of King Henry VIII in 1537.


19 May

Saint Dunstan, bishop (988)

The first abbot of Glastonbury and later Archbishop of Canterbury. Died in 988.


Blessed Peter Wright, priest and martyr (1651)

A Jesuit executed at Tyburn.


22 May

Blessed John Forest, priest and martyr (1538)

A Franciscan burnt at the stake at Smithfield Market in 1538.


25 May

Saint Aldhelm, bishop (709)

Formerly abbot of Malmesbury, who died in 709.


27 May

Blessed Edmund Duke, priest and martyr (1590)


Blessed Richard Hill, priest and martyr (1590)


Blessed John Hogg, priest and martyr (1590)


Blessed Richard Holiday, priest and martyr (1590)

Four missionary priests executed at Dryburne near Durham in 1590.


28 May

Blessed Lanfranc of Canterbury, bishop (1089)

Formerly abbot of Bec in Normandy, where he defended the true nature of the Eucharist in disputation with Berengar, became Archbishop of Canterbury where he died in 1089


Blessed Margaret Pole, martyr (1541)

The mother of Cardinal Reginald Pole, who was beheaded in the Tower in 1541 after speaking against the divorce of King Henry VIII.


29 May

Blessed Richard Thirkeld, priest and martyr (1583)

Executed at York in 1583 after ministry as a priest during which time he reconciled many to the Catholic Faith.


30 May

Saint Luke Kirby, priest and martyr (1582)


Blessed William Filby, priest and martyr (1582)


Blessed Lawrence Johnson, priest and martyr (1582)


Blessed Thomas Cottam SJ, priest and martyr (1582)

All executed at Tyburn in 1582.


Blessed William Scott OSB, priest and martyr (1612)


Blessed Richard Newport, priest and martyr (1612)

Martyred on the same day 30 years later, under King James I (1612).


31 May

Blessed Richard Thorpe, priest and martyr (1591)


Blessed Thomas Watkinson, martyr (1591)

Richard was executed for being a priest, and Thomas, the father of a family, was executed for sheltering priests. They died together in 1591.


JUNE


1 June

Saint Wistan, King and Martyr (849

A devout and religious person, he became King of Mercia in 840, but was killed in 849 by Bertwulf, a pretender to the throne, when he objected to an incestuous marriage.


Blessed John Storey, martyr (1571)

A lawyer executed at Tyburn in 1571 after imprisonment and exile could not turn him from his fidelity to the Roman Pontiff.


3 June

Blessed Francis Ingleby, priest and martyr (1580)

A former student of the English College in Rheims, he was executed at York in 1580 for being a priest.


6 June

Blessed William Greenwood, martyr (1537)

A Carthusian from the London Charterhouse, he died in prison in London under King Henry VIII in 1537.


7 June

Saint Robert of Newminster, abbot (1159)

A Cistercian devoted to prayer and poverty, who founded the Abbey at Newminster near Morpeth in Northumbria in 1138; he died in 1159. It was Saint Robert who sent monks from Newminster to found Sawley Abbey to the north of the Salford Diocese in 1147.


8 June

Saint William Fitzherbert, bishop


Blessed John Davy, deacon (1537)

A Carthusian from the London Charterhouse, who died in prison under Henry VIII in 1537.


9 June

Blessed Robert Salt, martyr (1537)

One of the London Carthusians, who died of starvation in Newgate Prison under Henry VIII in 1537.


10 June

Blessed Thomas Green, priest and martyr (1537)


Blessed Walter Pierson, martyr (1537)

Carthusians from the London Charterhouse executed under Henry VIII in 1537.


15 June

Blessed Thomas Scryven, martyr (1537)

One of the Carthusians from the London Charterhouse executed under Henry VIII in 1537.


Blessed Peter Snow, priest and martyr (1598)

Executed at York in 1598, for being a priest


Blessed Ralph Grimston, martyr (1598)

Executed at York in 1598, for harbouring Fr Snow.


16 June

Blessed Thomas Reding, martyr (1537)

One of the Carthusians from the London Charterhouse executed under Henry VIII in 1537.


19 June

Blessed Sebastian Newdigate, martyr (1537)


Blessed Humphrey Middlemore, martyr (1537)


Blessed William Exmew, martyr (1537)

Carthusians from the London Charterhouse executed under Henry VIII; after seventeen days suspended in irons they were killed at Tyburn in 1537.


Blessed Thomas Woodhouse, SJ, priest and martyr (1573)

Ordained under Queen Mary, and the arrested and imprisoned for twelve years under Elizabeth I, during which time he ministered to those in prison with him. He was executed at Tyburn in 1573.


20 June

Blessed Thomas Whitbread, priest and martyr (1679)


Blessed William Harcourt, priest and martyr (1679)


Blessed John Fenwich, priest and martyr (1679)


Blessed John Gavan, priest and martyr (1679)


Blessed Anthony Turner, priest and martyr (1679)

Jesuits falsely accused of the so-called “Popish Plot” to assassinate King Charles II and executed at Tyburn in 1679 in the hysterical pursuit of Catholics instigated by Titus Oates.


21 June

Saint John Rigby, martyr (1600)

Born at Eccleston, near Chorley. Compelled to confess his Catholicism when appearing on behalf of a member of the Huddleston family, he was arrested, imprisoned and hanged, drawn and quartered at St Thomas Waterings, Southwark under Elizabeth II in 1600.


22 June

Saint John Fisher, bishop, and Saint Thomas More, martyrs


Saint Alban, martyr (287)

Alban was an inhabitant of Verulamium who gave shelter to a priest being pursued; he received the faith, and exchanged clothes with the priest, being executed in his place around the year 287.


23 June

Saint Etheldreda (Audrey, Ediltrude), abbess (679)

A member of the Royal family of Northumbria, who after two fruitless marriages during which she preserved her virginity, received the veil from her uncle Saint Wilfred and founded the Abbey of Ely, dying there in 679.


23 June

Saint Thomas Garnet SJ, priest and martyr (1608)

A student of the English College in Valladolid who was twice arrested and imprisoned on his return; he was executed under James I in 1608.


28 June

Saint John Southworth, priest and martyr


30 June

Blessed Philip Powell, OSB, priest and martyr (1646)

A Welsh lawyer who became a Benedictine; after twenty years of ministry, he was arrested on board ship, and executed for being a priest at Tyburn in 1646.